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Blockchain Technology
The Role of Blockchain in Digital Transformation

The Role of Blockchain in Digital Transformation

Blockchain technology, a sophisticated database system, allows open communication of data inside an organization’s network. In a blockchain database, data is preserved in blocks that are attached together in a chain. The data continues to be chronologically consistent and therefore cannot be deleted or updated without network authorization.

When you need to keep track of orders, payments, accounts, and other transactions, you can utilize blockchain technology to create an irreversible or immutable ledger. Viewing these transactions collectively is possible because of the system’s inherent characteristics, which also stop unauthorized transaction submissions.

The importance of digital transformation

Business operations will very soon adopt a new norm marked by the digital revolution.

First of all, the drive of the client is the starting and finishing point of this notion. Customers are more frequently using digital tools to research companies before making purchases of goods or services.

In order to enhance digital interactions with customers and, ultimately, maximize return on investments, businesses push themselves to integrate cutting-edge digital technologies into as many elements of their operations as they can.

Consider Netflix as an example. It makes use of digital advancements to stream videos extensively so that users can watch films and TV shows online rather than through cable or traditional broadcasts.

Additionally, operational efficiency is increased via digital transformation.

Businesses used to keep their important data on employees’ computers or in papers. To communicate information and any updates with stakeholders, they must use postal mail or emails. This procedure necessitates a substantial amount of documentation and resources.

When many documents and processes become digital, digital transformation presents an entirely distinct story. Businesses can utilise the cloud, for instance, to store and exchange data. Access to the information is quicker and more practical for stakeholders.

The use of blockchain in digital transformation now takes it a step further!

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What are the types of blockchain networks?

In the blockchain, there are four main categories of decentralized or distributed networks:

Public blockchain networks

Public blockchains have no accessibility boundaries and are readily accessible to all users. Everyone who participates has an equal right to use, update, and validate the blockchain. Public blockchains are mostly used by people to trade and mine cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin. 

Private blockchain networks

Managed blockchains, also known as private blockchains, are under the control of a single organisation. The authorities identify who has the ability to join the system and what responsibilities they have. Private blockchains are only moderately decentralised because of limitations on accessibility. The digital money transfer network utilised by companies known as Ripple is an example of a private blockchain.

Hybrid blockchain networks

Organisations frequently employ hybrid blockchain, an interpretation of blockchain technology that incorporates components of the both private and public blockchain, in order to obtain the best of both worlds. It permits businesses to set up both a private, permission-based system and a public permissionless system, providing them with control over what information is made accessible to the public and who has access to it.

In a hybrid blockchain, transactions and records usually remain private but can be confirmed as necessary, for example by providing access via a smart contract. However protected inside the network, confidential information can still be authenticated. A private organisation can maintain the hybrid blockchain, but it cannot modify transactions.

Consortium blockchain networks

Blockchain consortium networks are governed by a collection of institutions. The blockchain is jointly maintained by preselected organisations, which also decide on data access privileges. Industry sectors that benefit from shared responsibility and have several organisations with similar goals frequently favour consortium blockchain networks.

For instance, the Global Shipping Business Network Consortium is a non-profit blockchain consortium with the goal of digitising the shipping sector and fostering more operator cooperation in the maritime sector.

How blockchain works

On a blockchain, each transaction results in the creation of a new block of data. Each block has connections to the blocks that come before and after it. Blockchain blocks include both the transactions from earlier blocks and cryptographic hash points.

A blockchain cannot be used to change data that has been stored there. A block can never be changed after it has been formed without also affecting all earlier blocks. Blockchain is the best technology for applications that need immutability and transaction security due to this characteristic.

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The benefits of blockchain technology

The monitoring of asset transactions benefits greatly from the use of blockchain technology. We list some of them, in the subsections that follow:

Advanced Security

Modern digital transactions demand a high level of trust and security, which blockchain platforms offer. The risk that someone could alter the fundamental program to generate fake revenue for himself is an ongoing concern. On the other hand, blockchain makes use of the three concepts of decentralisation, consensus, and cryptography in order to build an incredibly secure underlying software system that is extremely hard to alter. There isn’t a single point of failure, and just one user can’t change the transaction records.

Improved efficiency

Transactions amongst businesses may occupy a long time and generate operational bottlenecks, specifically if third-party regulatory bodies and compliance are involved. Such commercial transactions are quicker and more efficient thanks to blockchain’s transparency and smart contracts.

Faster auditing

Having the capacity for businesses to generate, disseminate, archive, and regenerate electronic transactions in an encrypted and auditable environment is important. Blockchain records are always in chronological order since they are not vulnerable to modification in the past. The auditing process is facilitated by this data transparency.

The Role of Blockchain in Digital Transformation

Blockchain and cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is the practice of defending systems and networks against online attacks that try to view, alter, or delete digital data in order to steal money or private information. The need to strengthen security measures to safeguard digital data and transactions grows as our reliance on technology and data grows. Malware such as viruses, Trojans, Rootkits, and other types of malware can be used to carry out cyberattacks. Phishing, Man in the Middle (MITM), Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS), SQL Injection, and Ransomware attacks are a few examples of frequent cyberattacks.

Blockchain technology incorporates built-in security measures in its data architecture. It depends on concepts that include consensus, decentralisation, and cryptography that ensure the integrity of transactions. The data is organised into blocks in the majority of blockchains or distributed ledger technology (DLT), and each block contains a transaction or collection of transactions.

Each new block in a cryptographic chain is intimately linked to all the blocks that came before it, resulting in it being practically impossible to modify any of them. Each transaction included within the blocks is independently verified and authorised by a consensus method, ensuring that each transaction has been verified and true.

Blockchain and smart contracts

In simpler terms, smart contracts are blockchain-based programs that execute when specific requirements are met. They are extensively used to autonomously implement agreements so that anyone involved can be ensured that it will be accomplished without the need for an intermediary or extra time.

Smart contracts operate via straightforward “if/when…then” statements that are written in code and released on a blockchain. A distributed system of computers will execute the operations once specified requirements have been verified to have been met.

These might consist of providing money to acceptable parties, registering an automobile, sending out announcements, or delivering a ticket. When the transaction is completed, the blockchain is then reorganised. As a result, the transaction cannot be modified, and only parties to whom permission has been granted are able to view the final result.

Blockchain and supply chain management

The procedure of planning the manufacturing, distribution, and shipping of raw materials, manufactured commodities, and finished products from one place to another is commonly referred to as supply chain management (SCM). A successful supply chain management approach can save costs, accelerate production cycles, and decrease risk.

Companies can track all kinds of transactions more confidentially and transparently thanks to blockchain technology. The effectiveness of the supply chain could be significantly compromised.

Blockchain empowers businesses to continuously track a product’s history from its place of origin to its present place of operation. With the establishment of an encrypted track of every transaction surrounding a product, a comprehensive history from development to sale can be accessed.

With the use of this amazing technology, multiple parties cooperating on a single, shared platform could significantly decrease the time lags, additional expenditures, and human error normally associated with transactions. A smaller percentage of supply chain intermediary substances also lowers your risk of fraud.  Finally, thorough records help organisations identify the source of fraud wherever it occurs.

A reliable and unbreakable audit record of the movement of data, inventory, and money within a supply chain is provided via a shared blockchain ledger. Businesses can coordinate logistical data, monitor shipments, and streamline payments using a common blockchain. They can do something without substantially altering their current processes as long as they just exchange the most essential data. 

Blockchain and data management

Blockchain is a distributed ledger technology that makes it possible to manage data in a secure and open manner. It runs on a computer network where transactions are verified, noted, and connected in chains called blocks. With this structure, the blockchain becomes tamper- and immutable-proof, enhancing security and transparency.

Blockchain reduces the need for middlemen and fosters greater collaboration, giving people more power. The technology is used in a variety of sectors, such as banking, supply chain management, and healthcare, to manage and safeguard data. Scalability and interoperability are still issues that need to be resolved despite their advantages. In summary, blockchain is an exciting new technology that presents fresh possibilities for safe and open data management.

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Blockchain Use Cases in Digital Transformation

Blockchain in financial services

Blockchain technology is a distributed, public ledger that is decentralised and used to record transactions among numerous computers in a network. Blockchain is safe, transparent, and almost hard to change because of its structure and characteristics.

This indispensable financial technology allows the transfer of financial assets while sustaining trust in the security and dependability of the transaction.

Blockchain has the following attributes that add to its benefits:


The ledger is widely distributed across the network. Every time a new transaction and block are added, a copy is delivered to every user on the network. The system was developed to give everybody access to the same information even though the ledger is not within the control of a single entity.


An authentic transaction history can be offered by a blockchain. Changing or deleting transactions or adding unverified information is nearly impossible to change or delete transactions or add unverified information because everyone on the network has a copy. To accomplish this properly, it would take a concerted attack on thousands or perhaps millions of machines at once, which is implausible.

Blockchain in healthcare

Blockchain is a new technology that is being used to develop creative solutions in many industries, including healthcare. In the healthcare system, a blockchain network stores and shares patient data amongst hospitals, diagnostic labs, drug companies, and doctors.

In the field of medicine, blockchain applications are capable of recognizing major errors, even ones that could be dangerous. It, therefore, has the potential to enhance the efficacy, safety, security, and transparency of sharing medical data in the field of health care. Using this technology, medical institutions are able to acquire an understanding that will enhance the analysis of patient data.

Blockchain in real estate

Real estate deals are experiencing fascinating new possibilities because of blockchain technology. The purchase and sale of real estate can be easier to integrate and made safer with the use of blockchain technology. This requires being able to locate a property’s ownership history for buyers. It is necessary to be able to support sellers with more confidentiality in the sale process.

Real estate transactions can be accomplished more quickly and with a reduced amount of paper effort thanks to blockchain. This is precise because blockchain provides digital asset payment transfers, doing away with the demand for paper contracts or other accessible documents. Everything that is performed electronically has an opportunity to save an incredible amount of time. The additional advantage of blockchain is its high level of confidentiality.

Every transaction gets recorded on a decentralised ledger, which cannot be modified or removed. This gives both buyers and sellers assurance that their transaction is protected.

Blockchain in logistics and transportation

A decentralised public system of record that records all changes in real-time is how the blockchain in logistics is implemented.

The aforementioned information can be implemented by enterprises to come up with an approach to implementing faster routes, minimising redundant delivery steps, reducing error rates, and maximising efficiency.

In addition to addressing issues with trust, lightening up operations, reducing risks, and promoting transparency, the application of this technology has an unambiguous effect on the success of corporations in this sector.

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Challenges in Implementing Blockchain for Digital Transformation


For the blockchain industry, managing a high number of users at once continues to be a concern.  For blockchain technology to complete a single transaction, many intricate algorithms must be used. There were 11.7 million coin base users worldwide as of the end of October 2017. As more and more individuals become accustomed to it, the average transactions have also drastically increased.   Because there were more users, there were more machines writing to and accessing the network, slowing down the transaction processing pace overall.

Hackers and shadow dealing

The absence of governmental control in the blockchain business is the one factor that makes it a volatile environment and a prime candidate for market manipulation. For instance, it was discovered that the famed coin hoax, in which many investors lost money after believing it to be the next ground-breaking digital currency, was actually a Ponzi scheme fraud.  No matter how knowledgeable you are about cryptocurrencies, there is always a danger that the online wallet you are using could be compromised or banned by the government as a result of some suspicious activities.


Blockchain is an accessible open ledger that anybody can view. In many situations, it is a crucial component, but if it is applied in a delicate setting, it becomes a liability. For widespread adoption, blockchain technology still has a long way to go. It is necessary to redesign the ledger such that only those with the proper permissions may access it and that it has restricted access.


Blockchain is typically used to cut costs associated with third parties and intermediaries involved in the value transfer process. Although blockchain technology has many advantages, it is still in its infancy and hence difficult to integrate with existing systems. It makes it more expensive overall, deterring both the government and commercial companies from adopting it.

Future of Blockchain in Digital Transformation

In light of its transparency in transactions, blockchain has gained popularity recently. Blockchain technology has become more widely used due to cryptosystem applications like Bitcoin. The capability of blockchain technology to perform transactions without the involvement of third parties is its most attractive aspect. Despite the difficulties, the current situation doesn’t seem to be slowing down. In reality, the blockchain craze may pick up speed in the future. 

Businesses across a variety of industries are utilising blockchain technology, mostly to protect the functionality of their systems: 

Identity management: Blockchain technology enables businesses to keep track of user identities and activities.

Records management: Organisations may store and manage records more efficiently by using blockchains.

Conflict resolution: Blockchain technology can speed up and improve the resolution of legal disputes.

Anti-corruption: Blockchain’s features, such as its extreme security and authenticity, may be helpful in preventing corruption.


The blockchain industry is thought to be growing in importance every day. The technology’s potential extends beyond only Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies. It can support applications for manufacturing, finance, and a number of other relevant areas. Blockchain technology has several advantages for digital changes. Costs are decreased, security is improved, and openness is offered. If you’re thinking about implementing blockchain in your company’s digital transformation, it will undoubtedly open the door for a lot of exciting new possibilities.

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